About Smokeless Tobacco

There is no universal definition of smokeless tobacco products. Generally, the term 'smokeless tobacco' applies to a wide range of products whose common feature is that they do not have to be lit before use.

Types of smokeless tobacco

There are many various forms of smokeless tobacco. The following types are the most commonly used smokeless tobacco products:

Swedish snus

A moist to semi-moist oral tobacco product, traditionally produced and used in Sweden, which is made from finely ground, mainly air-cured, tobaccos and other ingredients. In Sweden, all ingredients comply with the Swedish food regulation and the manufacturing process is a heat treatment process which satisfies the hygienic requirements of the Swedish Food Act. The product is placed between the gum and the upper lip in the oral cavity. Snus exists in two packaging formats, loose snus and portion packed snus.

Scandinavian chewing tobacco

A semi-moist oral tobacco product, manufactured from unfermented tobacco leaves. This product is traditionally produced and used in Scandinavia. The manufacturing process consists of stem removal. Thereafter, the tobacco leaves are spun and ‘twisted' together by hand into a strand. The strand is cut into pieces. Ingredients are added. The product is heat-treated. In Sweden, chewing tobacco is governed by the foodstuff regulation..

Chewing tobacco

A category of oral smokeless tobacco products that are intended to be chewed during normal use

Loose leaf chewing tobacco

A semi-moist oral tobacco product made from air-cured cigar tobacco leaf. The manufacturing process comprises of chemical sweating, shredding of the tobacco into flakes, casing with sweet-tasting syrups, drying and packaging. The product is chewed and/or placed between the gum and the lower lip in the oral cavity.

Twist / roll chewing tobacco (American-style)

A semi-moist oral tobacco product that commonly contains unfermented dark air-cured tobacco leaf. The manufacturing process consists of stem removal, treatment with tar-like tobacco leaf extract and twisting into rope-like strands that are dried and cut into pieces. The product is chewed and/or placed between the gum and the lower lip in the oral cavity

Plug chewing tobacco

A semi-moist oral tobacco product typically containing air-cured and/or fire-cured tobacco leaf. The manufacturing process consists of chemical sweating, shredding of the tobacco into flakes, casing with sweet-tasting syrups and drying. After flavoring and drying, the tobacco is compressed and cut into small rectangles which are usually wrapped in natural tobacco leaf. The product is chewed and/or placed between the gum and the lower lip in the oral cavity. The product comes in four forms - hard, soft, thick or thin.

Chewing tobacco gum

Finely ground air-cured tobacco embedded in a chewing gum base.

Dry snuff (oral)

A dry oral tobacco product (moisture content typically less than 10%), traditionally used in the USA, that is manufactured from fire-cured fermented tobacco. The tobacco is ground into a powder and other flavor ingredients added.

Moist snuff

A moist to semi-moist oral tobacco product made from cut or ground air- and fire-cured tobaccos and other ingredients. Moist Snuff is commonly manufactured using a controlled fermentation process. The product is typically placed between the gum and the lower lip in the oral cavity. Moist Snuff exists in two packaging formats; loose (fine cut and long cut) and portion packed.

Hard snuff

A category of non-traditional oral tobacco products consisting of tobacco powder embedded in a dissolvable matrix, either in the form of a lozenge or strip.

Dry snuff (nasal)

A dry nasal tobacco product made from ground/pulverized mainly air- and flue-cured tobaccos. During manufacture, the tobacco is mixed with a casing solution and allowed to ferment or age for several weeks before being finally mixed with other ingredients. The product is inhaled through the nose.

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